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Diurnalis Introduction and Guidelines

Updated: Feb 7


The Tarpeian 



Diurnalis is where we publish academic papers including dissertations and manuscripts. We have a membership program called the Peerate made up of academic historians as peers to read and comment on these manuscripts before publication.

A writer composes a manuscript following the manuscript guidelines. The writer then submits their manuscript to the Diurnalis submission page. Diurnalis appoints an editor based on the topic of the manuscript and the degree of the editor. The editor sifts through the manuscript and filters out junk or poorly written manuscripts for rejection and those manuscripts which follow the manuscript guidelines adequately will be approved and sent to the Peerate for review. If peers make critiques and revision suggestions then the editor will compile them over the course of a month and will send the manuscript with critical comments back to the writer for revision. After the writer revises their manuscript they send it back to the editor who will subsequently republish it to the Peerate. When 10 Peers sign off on the manuscript or after the manuscript has been sent to the Peerate for three months without critiques, then the manuscript is sent to the Diurnalis review board to make sure the formatting meets standards and to give the final approval for publication.

Each step of the process will be recorded for quality assurance and for us to amend our review and publication process.

In Short:

  1. Writer files submission form and manuscript

  2. Diurnalis Review Board appoints an editor based on content topic

  3. Editor sifts through the submission and sends approved manuscripts to Peerate

  4. Peerate gives critiques on manuscript which are reported to the editor

  5. Editor compiles criticism from peers and relays them to writer

  6. Writer revises their manuscript and sends revised manuscript back to editor

  7. Editor sends revised manuscript back to the Peerate

  8. Peers approve of manuscript which is sent to the Review Board

  9. Review Board checks formatting and publishes final manuscript to the Diurnalis for public viewing.




Manuscript Instructions

When preparing the manuscript for submission, students must follow strict formatting requirements. Any deviation from these requirements may lead to rejection of the manuscript and delay in the conferral of the certificate of completion for the Revolutionary Era course.

The manuscript you write should prove three things: that you comprehend the material, that you synthesize the subject matter, and that you can critically think about the content. Recollection shows the breath of what you learn, synthesization shows the depth of what you learn, and critical thinking shows application of what you learn.


On This Page



Format & Style





The language for your manuscript must be in English, preferably ordinary American English. Be specific with your words. Take the following sentence, "sometimes royal governors would just suspend the legislature to force them into compliance..." Instead of saying, "sometimes," state specific instances with dates and places; instead of saying "royal governors," state which governors from which colonies/states; instead of saying "to force them into compliance," state what the governors or Parliament were trying to enforce; for example were they trying to enforce duties, trade regulations, seize gunpowder, ammunition, or firearms, quarter troops, restrict speech & press etc.. Specificity is your friend; not only does it make you smarter having to gather the appropriate information, it also takes up a lot more of your word count and helps the reader understand exactly what you are talking about. The topic of history is rich and intricate so there is no excuse for you to just repeat vague statements that have been published before.




The length for this manuscript, including the preliminary & addenda pages, will be 20-50 pages and must be divided into appropriate sections. You decide how you will divide your manuscript and what you will name each section, along with any subdivisions that may be necessary for your manuscript's structure. The page length includes the preliminary & addenda pages. The preliminary pages take up four pages: a title page, statement of integrity and disclaimer of use are both on the same page, an abstract page, and a table of contents. The addenda takes up two pages: one for works cited and another for bibliography. That is six pages for preliminary and addenda which means the corpus (body) of your manuscript should be 14-44 pages long.


Fair Use & Copyright


Fair use is a provision in copyright law that allows the use of a certain amount of copyrighted material without seeking permission.

1) For what purpose is your work going to be used?

  • Nonprofit, educational, scholarly, or research use favors fair use. Commercial, non-educational uses, often do not favor fair use.

  • A transformative use (repurposing or recontextualizing the in-copyright material) favors fair use. Examining, analyzing, and explicating the material in a meaningful way, so as to enhance a reader's understanding, strengthens your fair use argument. In other words, can you make the point in the thesis without using, for instance, an in-copyright image? Is that image necessary to your dissertation? If not, perhaps, for copyright reasons, you should not include the image.

2) What is the nature of the work to be used?

  • Published, fact-based content favors fair use and includes scholarly analysis in published academic venues.

  • Creative works, including artistic images, are afforded more protection under copyright, and depending on your use in light of the other factors, may be less likely to favor fair use; however, this does not preclude considerations of fair use for creative content altogether.

3) How much of the work is going to be used?

  • Small, or less significant, amounts favor fair use. A good rule of thumb is to use only as much of the in-copyright content as necessary to serve your purpose. Can you use a thumbnail rather than a full-resolution image? Can you use a black-and-white photo instead of color? Can you quote select passages instead of including several pages of the content? These simple changes bolster your fair use of the material.

4) What potential effect on the market for that work may your use have?

  • If there is a market for licensing this exact use or type of educational material, then this weighs against fair use. If however, there would likely be no effect on the potential commercial market, or if it is not possible to obtain permission to use the work, then this favors fair use.


Page & Text


Page Size

8 1/2 x 11 inches, preferably type using google docs since google docs is great for collaborative work, like having an editor/peers comment suggestions in real time for the writer to address.


1 inch margins. Additional inch for block quotations.


For the abstract & corpus of the manuscript, works cited, and bibliography use double space; for block quotations and footnotes use single space. Separate your introduction, corpus, and conclusion with a space between paragraphs; for paragraphs within each section do not have a space, only indent for the next paragraph.

Font & Point

For the bulk of the manuscript use Times New Roman 12 point font; for footnotes use Times New Roman 10 point font. For the title of your manuscript use 30 point font, for the different sections titles use 20 point font, for the rest of the title page under the title use 15 point font, and for subsection titles use 15 point font. Italicize for emphasis.


If the quotation is longer than two lines then make it a block quotation where there is an additional inch for the margins and a space separating it from the rest of the paragraph.


When you directly cite a work add a footnote (superscript) after the quotation. In the footnote include the last name of the author, the title of the work, and page number of the quoted text. If you are only references or alluding to another work with no direct quotes then add a subscript after the punctuation; the subscript should be the number the work is placed in your bibliography. If there are multiple sentences or even an entire paragraph that is referencing or alluding to another work without direct quotes then add the subscript after the last sentence. Abbreviate pages to "pp" with a hyphen for the span of pages.


No pagination for the title page, use under case roman numerals for the other preliminary pages: statement of integrity/disclaimer of use, abstract, and table of contents. Use arabic numerals for the rest of the manuscript including the addenda: the works cited and bibliography pages.








Your title should be the first page of your manuscript. The title page should include the following in order from top to bottom:


Title of manuscript

Subtitle (optional)


(your name/names)

(leave a couple rows of blank space)


(Date of submission: month name, day, year)


Statement of Integrity

Copy and paste what you see below to your manuscript. If you are with a team of writers then copy and paste the signature line for all team members to sign.


Statement of Integrity

By signing your name below, you are stating that you or your acknowledged team wrote the manuscript, used vetted and accurate sources of information, made truthful and clear statements, and did not plagiarize.



Disclaimer of Use

The disclaimer of use states how Diurnalis will use your manuscript once you submit it. Copy and paste what you see below to the same page as your "statement of integrity."


Disclaimer of Use

The Tarpeian Diurnalis, a.k.a. Diurnalis, one journal of a family of five collectively called Praeconia, operated by Amending America ltd., reserves the right to read, revise, reformat, publish, archive, refuse, or take down submitted or published manuscripts. Amending America ltd. will not have ownership over submitted manuscripts, instead all work submitted will be under a Creative Commons license, meaning that the submitter of the manuscript can reuse said manuscript anywhere they see fit and if someone else references or shares said manuscript they will need to give the appropriate and respectable attribution. By submitting manuscripts with this Disclaimer of Use included you (the submitter of the manuscript) approve of licensing under a Creative Commons license.



Your abstract should state what you are going to write about and it should include a thesis along with implications or applications of the research in your manuscript. State why the subject matters in the field of history. Your abstract should be on its own page and titled accordingly, namely with the word “Abstract” at the top of the page .

Table of Contents

Your table of contents should be on its own page. Use under case roman numerals for the preliminary pages and arabic numerals for the rest of the manuscript including the addenda.





Your introduction should be one to three paragraphs long and it should restate your abstract, but not verbatim, and then expand on it. Provide necessary background information and how you will outline the rest of your manuscript with main points. Your introduction should be catchy and thought provoking to garner interest to the reader. Explain the significance of the topic of your manuscript. One of the sentences in your introduction should be your thesis statement, but don't say "the thesis of this manuscript is...," instead state your thesis subtly in a manner that the reader can identify it as being the thesis without exposition.

Body Paragraphs

Your body paragraphs cover the arguments and counter arguments for your thesis statement. A single body paragraph should start with a transitionary sentence from the previous paragraph to make reading smoother and then state the argument/counter argument the paragraph will focus on. The rest of the paragraph should be evidence for the argument or against the counter argument. If a counter argument has a lot of background information that needs to be stated before you rebuttal it then have an entire paragraph to explain the counter argument then follow it with a paragraph where you rebuttal it.


Your conclusion is a reiterated version of your introduction that mentions the significance of the topic, the thesis, and the material you include in your body paragraphs. The introduction needs to be catchy while your conclusion needs to round out the manuscript and bring the discussion of the topic to a neat end. This isn't a tv series where you need to finish with a cliff hanger instead leave the reader complete with what you wrote. Your reader shouldn't be left with questions about your thesis or the arguments and material your body paragraphs include.




Works Cited

On the top of the page write Works Cited and center it on the page; do not italicize or bold the words. The order of your works cited should be in alphabetical order. Double space and use hanging indents for each entry. If the work in the entry is in a magazine then include the pertinent pages of the magazine. Abbreviate pages to "pp" with a hyphen for the span of pages.

Here are some formatting examples based on types of sources:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle. Publisher, Publication Year.

Last Name, First Name, First Name Last Name. "Title of Article." Name of Whole Source, Publisher, Publication Date or Date Accessed, pp. # - #, (for online sources include url at the end).

Last Name, First Name, et al. Title of Book. (edited or trans) by First Name Last Name, (volume, version or edition), Publisher, Publication Year.


On the top of the page write Bibliography and center it on the page; do not italicize or bold the words. If you reference a work without direct quotes or used a work you wish to credit then add it to your bibliography which is on a separate page after the works cited page. The order of your bibliography is in alphabetical order. Double space and use hanging indents for each entry. If the work in the entry is in a magazine then include the pertinent pages of the magazine. Abbreviate pages to "pp" with a hyphen for the span of pages. Follow the same formatting for the entries as used in your works cited page.

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