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Report of Proceedings in Congress

Report of Proceedings in Congress; February 21, 1787

REPORT OF PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS, WEDNESDAY FEBy 21, 1787


Congress assembled as before.

The report of a grand comee consisting of Mr Dane Mr Varnum Mr S. M. Mitchell Mr Smith Mr Cadwallader Mr Irwine Mr N. Mitchell Mr Forrest Mr Grayson Mr Blount Mr Bull & Mr Few, to whom was referred a letter of I4 Septr 1786 from J. Dickinson written at the request of Commissioners from the States of Virginia Delaware Pensylvania New Jersey & New York assembled at the City of Annapolis together with a copy of the report of the said commissioners to the legislatures of the States by whom they were appointed, being an order of the day was called up & which is contained in the following resolution viz


"Congress having had under consideration the letter of John Dickinson esqr chairman of the Commissioners who assembled at Annapolis during the last year also the proceedings of the said commissioners and entirely coinciding with them as to the inefficiency of the federal government and the necessity of devising such farther provisions as shall render the same adequate to the exigencies of the Union do strongly recommend to the different legislatures to send forward delegates to meet the proposed convention on the second Monday in May next at the city of Philadelphia "


The delegates for the state of New York thereupon laid before Congress Instructions which they had received from their constituents, & in pursuance of the said instructions moved to postpone the farther consideration of the report in order to take up the following proposition to wit


" That it be recommended to the States composing the Union that a convention of representatives from the said States respectively be held at on for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the United States of America and reporting to the United States in Congress assembled and to the States respectively such alterations and amendments of the said Articles of Confederation as the representatives met in such convention shall judge proper and necessary to render them adequate to the preservation and support of the Union "


On the question to postpone for the purpose above mentioned the yeas & nays being required by the delegates for New York.


State

Congressor

Vote

State Vote

Massachusetts

King

ay

ay

Massachusetts

Dane

ay

Connecticut

Johnson

ay

split

Connecticut

S. M. Mitchell

no

New York

Smith

ay

ay

New York

Benson

ay

New Jersey

Cadwallader

ay

no

New Jersey

Clarke

no

New Jersey

Schurman

no

Pennsylvania

Irwine

no

no

Pennsylvania

Meredith

ay

Pennsylvania

Gingham

no

Delaware

N. Mitchel

no

no

Maryland

Forest

no

no

Virginia

Grayson

ay

ay

Virginia

Madison

ay

North Carolina

Blount

no

no

North Carolina

Hawkins

no

South Carolina

Bull

no

no

South Carolina

Kean

no

South Carolina

Huger

no

South Carolina

Parker

no

Georgia

Few

ay

no

Georgia

Pierce

no


So the question was lost.


A motion was then made by the delegates for Massachusetts to postpone the farther consideration of the report in order to take into consideration a motion which they read in their place, this being agreed to, the motion of the delegates for Massachusetts as taken up and being amended was agreed to as follows


Whereas there is provision in the Articles of Confederation & perpetual Union for making alterations therein by the assent of a Congress of the United States and of the legislatures of the several States; And whereas experience hath evinced that there are defects in the present Confederation, as a mean to remedy which several of the States and particularly the State of New York by express instructions to their delegates in Congress have suggested a convention for the purposes expressed in the following resolution and such convention appearing to be the most probable mean of establishing in these states a firm national government.


Resolved that in the opinion of Congress it is expedient that on the second Monday in May next a Convention of delegates who shall have been appointed by the several states be held at Philadelphia for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures such alterations and provisions therein as shall when agreed to in Congress and confirmed by the states render the federal constitution adequate to the exigencies of Government & the preservation of the Union.

Source: Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the American States. Government Printing Office, 1927. House Document No. 398. Selected, Arranged and Indexed by Charles C. Tansill




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